This study focused on understanding the priorities and expectations of different energy projects (coal and wind) from the perspectives of host communities in Lamu and Marsabit Counties, Kenya. The case studies included the proposed wind farm and coal power plant in Lamu as well as the Lake Turkana Wind Power Project (LTWP) in Marsabit County. In the development of energy projects, host communities are often directly and indirectly affected or at the tail-end of value chains. Access to basic modern services such as clean energy, infrastructure, education, and health services remains a fundamental challenge in current and proposed large-scale energy host communities in Kenya, despite promises to improve such conditions, especially in remote and marginalised communities. Assessing the socio-economic performance of energy projects at the local level is therefore important to ensure that local host communities are not left behind during the pursuit of broader, national-level development processes.