Vietnam

COBENEFITS Studies in VietnamCOBENEFITS South-Africa-Studies

Main study results     

The stud­ies show how the imple­men­ta­tion of renew­able ener­gy resources can have a pos­i­tive impact on elec­tric­i­ty access and job cre­ation.

Elec­tric­i­ty access                                                                                                                                                2% of the Viet­namese house­holds, pre­dom­i­nant­ly locat­ed in regions with ter­rain unfavourable to grid expan­sion,  have not been elec­tri­fied, yet. These areas have become tech­noe­co­nom­ic moot points. To this end, dis­cus­sions have explored whether cost-effec­tive, off-grid renew­able ener­gy (RE) alter­na­tives could assist the elec­tri­fi­ca­tion of these remain­ing pop­u­la­tions. The stud­ies show that com­mu­ni­ties in Viet­nam that are far from the near­est medi­um-volt­age dis­tri­b­u­tion sys­tem are best served by off-grid renew­able ener­gy tech­nolo­gies. Addi­tion­al­ly,  oppor­tu­ni­ties for direct employ­ment in the local renew­able ener­gy val­ue chain can be fos­tered through effec­tive col­lab­o­ra­tion between local tech­ni­cal schools and the pri­vate sec­tor for planned projects; this essen­tial­ly aids „local­i­sa­tion of indus­try“, which in turn dri­ves local employ­ment cre­ation and skills trans­fer.

Job cre­ation                                                                                                                                                        With the deci­sion by the Viet­namese Gov­ern­ment to increase the share of renew­ables from 6 % to 10.7 % in the cur­rent pow­er sec­tor plan (PDP 7 rev), the gov­ern­ment paved the way to cre­at­ing 315,000 job-years through the pow­er sec­tor by the year 2030. The gov­ern­ment can fur­ther boost employ­ment as renew­ables cre­ate twice as many jobs as the fos­sil-fuel sec­tor per aver­age installed MW. Up to 1.94 mil­lion job-years can be cre­at­ed in the coun­try through the pow­er sec­tor trans­for­ma­tion between 2015 and 2030. Over that 15-year peri­od, solar and wind will cre­ate 3.5 jobs and 2.8 jobs respec­tive­ly per aver­age installed MW capac­i­ty, where­as coal cre­ates only 1.4 jobs. By the year 2030, the demand for high­er-skilled work­ers in the pow­er sec­tor is expect­ed to grow by 31% for jobs dur­ing the con­struc­tion and instal­la­tion phase, and 25% for jobs in oper­a­tion and main­te­nance. The ten­den­cy for high-skilled work­ers in the pow­er sec­tor is expect­ed to fur­ther increase. There­fore, the train­ing capac­i­ties at uni­ver­si­ties and tech­ni­cal schools need to be rec­on­ciled with this devel­op­ment, in order to cre­ate employ­ment in Viet­nam and to meet the expect­ed demand in the coun­try.

COBENEFITS Council Members in Vietnam

  • Min­istry for Plan­ning and Invest­ment (MPI)

  • Min­istry of Indus­try and Trade (MOIT)

  • Min­istry of Nat­ur­al Resources and Envi­ron­ment (MONRE)

  • Cen­tral Pro­pa­gan­da Depart­ment of the Com­mu­nist Par­ty of Viet­nam

  • Min­istry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA)

  • Min­istry of Health (MOH)

COBENEFITS Focal Points in Vietnam

GreenID is a Hanoi-based non-prof­it organ­i­sa­tion estab­lished under the Viet­nam Union of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­o­gy Asso­ci­a­tions (VUSTA). GreenID works to pro­mote sus­tain­able devel­op­ment in Viet­nam and the larg­er Mekong region and has become a lead­ing civ­il soci­ety actor in the pro­mo­tion of sus­tain­able ener­gy sec­tor devel­op­ment. GreenID has project-spe­cif­ic expe­ri­ence cou­pled with cut­ting-edge glob­al knowl­edge and exper­tise in the inte­gra­tion of sus­tain­able solu­tions into pol­i­cy and local com­mu­ni­ties.