The energy transition is inducing new investments in the electricity production and infrastructure sectors worldwide. Turkey, with its increasing energy demand met mostly by fossil fuel resources, faces significant risk of augmenting its future dependency degree on energy imports. In order to address this issue, Turkey’s public policy framework includes not only strategies to increase the share of renewable energy resources in its energy mix but also aims to develop a local manufacturing industry and to enable technology transfer. This study examines how increased deployment of renewable energy in Turkey can provide co-benefits for job creation and meeting future skills requirements. The study also provides initial insights on the estimated occupational distribution, thus predicting the changes and employment opportunities available to Turkey in its solar and wind sectors.
Future skills and job creation through renewable energy in Turkey.
Some of the key findings and results of our studies are presented in the following gallery.
Energy access is essential for economic and human development and is an important driver for the economic development of a country. Access to modern forms of energy, especially electricity, becomes even more important for the socio-economic development of rural areas (which lag behind urban areas in terms of infrastructure development). “Full electrification” to achieve social and economic development goals (and SDGs) in Vietnam requires 24/7 electricity access for every household, family, farming settlement and local enterprise, even in rural communities. To achieve this goal, the government of Vietnam has focused primarily on providing access by extending the centralised grid.
Approximately 98 % of households in both urban and rural areas of the country have been electrified through this means, but electricity access to the remaining 2% of the population, predominantly located in regions with terrain unfavourable to grid expansion, has become a technoeconomic moot point. To this end, discussions have explored whether cost-effective, off-grid renewable energy (RE) alternatives could assist the electrification of these remaining populations and further drive the socioeconomic development of these population groups.
Thus, this study centres on providing answers to two main questions:
- What is the best approach to provide electricity access to the remaining 2 % of Vietnamese households located in rural areas: grid expansion or off-grid renewable energy options?
- Can cheaper off-grid alternatives engender local value creation in rural areas?
Electricity access and local value creation for the un-electrified population in Vietnam. Assessing the co-benefits of decarbonising the power sector.
Vietnam has the opportunity to transition towards lowcarbon planning pathways within the power sector that emphasise the uptake of renewable energy technologies – especially solar and wind, which are experiencing rapid cost declines in Vietnam and globally. However, the impact on employment, both in the power sector and more widely, needs to be effectively understood and prepared for by various actors and decision makers in the country.
This study analyses the employment impacts of various scenarios for expanding electricity generation in Vietnam’s power sector.
Future skills and job creation through renewable energy in Vietnam. Assessing the co-benefits of decarbonising the power sector.
The energy transition is inducing new investments in the electricity production and infrastructure sectors worldwide. Turkey, with its increasing energy demand met mostly by fossil fuel resources, faces significant risk of dependency on energy imports in the future. In order to address this issue, Turkey’s public policy framework includes not only strategies to increase the share of renewable energy resources in its energy mix but also aims to develop a local manufacturing industry and to enable technology transfer. This study examines the co-benefits to industrial development and trade of increased deployment of renewable energy in Turkey.
Industrial development, trade opportunities and innovation with renewable energy in Turkey. Assessing the co-benefits of decarbonising the power sector.
India has experienced a remarkable transition in reducing absolute poverty, improving standards of living and creating livelihood opportunities for the impoverished, and enhancing access to cleaner and affordable energy. Through the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), the Indian Government recognised that India needs a directional shift in its economic growth pathway in order to achieve its developmental objectives while effectively addressing the threat of climate change. At the same time, ambient air pollution has emerged as the second leading health risk factor in India, contribute significantly to India’s burden of cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases and lower respiratory tract infections. Since electricity generation in India is still largely coal-based, the power sector is an important contributor to ambient air pollution. In view of the above, India’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) aims to base 40 % of the total installed power generation capacity on non-fossil fuel resources by 2030 with international support on technology transfer and financing. This includes an ambitious target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy by the year 2022 and reducing the emissions intensity of GDP by 33 to 35 % from 2005 levels by 2030. In early 2019, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) announced that this objective might be met earlier, by procuring 500 GW of additional RE capacity by 2028.
In this context, this study assesses the impact of ambient air pollution on human health in India.
This study assesses the viability of renewable-energypowered mini-grids to both drive and support economic growth in India from the perspective of augmenting the current electrification of rural areas.
Improving health and reducing costs through renewable energy in India. Assessing the co-benefits of decarbonising the power sector.
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