Future skills and job creation through renewable energy in Turkey

This study exam­ines how increased deploy­ment of renew­able ener­gy in Turkey can pro­vide co-ben­e­fits for job cre­ation and meet­ing future skills require­ments. The study method­ol­o­gy focused first­ly on defin­ing val­ue chains for the solar and wind ener­gy sec­tors in Turkey. This was done using licence and pre-licence infor­ma­tion from the Ener­gy Mar­ket Reg­u­la­to­ry Author­i­ty and a unique admin­is­tra­tive micro dataset (EIS) that includes all reg­is­tered firms in Turkey and their employ­ees reg­is­tered with the Social Secu­ri­ty Insti­tu­tion (SGK). Sec­ond­ly, coef­fi­cients for the cur­rent ratio of employ­ment per megawatt (MW) in the solar and wind sec­tors were cal­cu­lat­ed. Final­ly, pro­jec­tions of employ­ment increas­es and skills require­ments were esti­mat­ed accord­ing to four sce­nar­ios for increased renew­able ener­gy (RE) capac­i­ty. The results show that increased employ­ment is pos­si­ble through renewables.




Key Policy opportunities:

Pol­i­cy oppor­tu­ni­ty 1: Turkey can sig­nif­i­cant­ly boost gross employ­ment by increas­ing the share of renew­ables. With the deci­sion by the Turk­ish Gov­ern­ment to increase solar ener­gy capac­i­ty by 60 % and more than dou­ble wind elec­tric­i­ty capac­i­ty over the next 10 years, the gov­ern­ment paved the way to cre­ate more than 7,400 jobs along the solar val­ue chain and more than 59,000 jobs along the wind val­ue chain in the next ten years alone.

Pol­i­cy oppor­tu­ni­ty 2: There is room for more: By fol­low­ing more ambi­tious renew­able path­ways for Turkey, the expect­ed increas­es in val­ue of pro­duc­tion can be more than dou­bled across the wind pow­er val­ue chain and increased eight­fold along the solar val­ue chain, push­ing up the total val­ue of pro­duc­tion by more than 69 bil­lion USD in the next ten years com­pared to 2016.

Pol­i­cy oppor­tu­ni­ty 3: While the expect­ed growth of Turkey’s wind and solar pow­er pro­duc­ers will increase the demand for high-skilled jobs, mid­dle-skilled work­ers are the main ben­e­fi­cia­ries of job cre­ation across the whole wind and solar val­ue chains, with 55 % of job addi­tions in this labour segment.



Year of pub­li­ca­tion: 2019

Edi­tors: Mara Gomez, Pinar Ertor, Sebas­t­ian Hel­gen­berg­er, Lau­ra Nagel – IASS Pots­dam and Istan­bul Pol­i­cy Cen­ter (IPC), Saban­ci University

Tech­ni­cal imple­men­ta­tion: Bengisu Özenç, Efşan Nas Özen – Coben­e­fits researchers at Istan­bul Pol­i­cy Cen­ter (IPC), Saban­ci University

Sug­gest­ed cita­tion: IASS/IPC. Future skills and job cre­ation through renew­able ener­gy in Turkey. Assess­ing the co-ben­e­fits of decar­bon­is­ing the pow­er sec­tor. Potsdam/Istanbul: IASS/IPC, 2019.

DOI: 10.2312/iass.2019.033


This study is part of a series of four stud­ies assess­ing the co-ben­e­fits of decar­bon­is­ing the pow­er sec­tor in Turkey, edit­ed by IASS, IPC, EPRA and IET.